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自己动手创建免安装版Oracle客户端(for 9i/10g)

发布栏目:Oracle|发布时间:2012-03-27

声明: 本文均为作者本人(iihero@CSDN)探索学习Oracle数据库过程当中的经验总结,其方法或过程只能用于开发和学习,不能将其用于商业产品发布,违者后果自负。

Oracle数据库的客户端向来以“肥大”著称,即使是它的instant client,也不算瘦。个人以为,虽然instant client发布并使用了有一段时间,但是比起它的原装产品来说,稳定性和安全性肯定有些差距。所以,我宁可自己手动extract一些有用的包,为开发所用,也不愿意去单独折腾个instant client来配置。

这里就以9i为例,在你安装完一份Oracle服务器版或Oracle客户端,在安装的目标目录会有一份完整的目录列表。有很多很多都是用不着的文件。

我们通常要用的功能也就是:

1. sqlplus命令行,imp, exp, tnsping, sqlldr (用于管理)

2. oci接口库,pro*c库,jdbc, odbc (甚或oledb)等 (用于开发)

有了这些功能,基本上可以做很多事情了。

制作原理:

1. 抽取相关目录,发布到一个新目录。

2. 生成注册表文件到这个新目录。

3. 将这个新目录复制或移动到新机器的新目录里边,就可以注册使用了。

下边是我编写的一个发布的批处理脚本oraclient_dist.bat,以及过滤文件exclude.txt

exclude.txt 文件要与oraclient_dist.bat文件位于同一目录当中

其命令格式是:

oraclient_dist.bat -from d:/oracle/ora92 -to e:/dist -inst d://ora92client

意思是从源:d:/oracle/ora92目录下边提取免安装包到目录e:/dist里头,最终安装目录定制在d:/ora92client。

批处理脚本的内容如下(其实,将这个脚本稍加修改就可以应用到oracle10g当中): 

@echo off
rem
rem Copyright (c) 2005 ~ 2009, iihero@CSDN
rem
rem This script will ship an Simple Oracle client from an
rem    installed Oracle9i/10g server or client package.
rem
rem Any issues, please notify me: iiihero@hotmail.com
rem This script only can be used for learning/researching on oracle db.
rem

setlocal

:LOOP
    set arg=%1
    if %arg%! == ! goto END_LOOP
    if %arg%! == -help! goto SET_HELP
    if %arg%! == -h! goto SET_HELP
    if %arg%! == -from! goto SET_FROM
    if %arg%! == -to! goto SET_TO
    if %arg%! == -inst! goto SET_INST
    goto LOOP

:SET_FROM
    shift
    set ORA_FROM=%1
    shift
    goto LOOP

:SET_TO   
    shift
    set ORA_TO=%1
    shift
    goto LOOP
:SET_INST
    shift
    set INSTALL_DIR=%1
    shift
    goto LOOP
   
:END_LOOP

echo ORA_FROM = %ORA_FROM%
if %ORA_FROM%! == ! set ORA_FROM=%ORACLE_HOME%
if %ORA_FROM%! == ! goto ERROR_RUNTIME
if %ORA_TO%! == ! goto SET_HELP
if not exist %ORA_TO% goto SET_HELP
if %INSTALL_DIR%! == ! goto SET_HELP

mkdir %ORA_TO%oracle
set ORACLIENT="%ORA_TO%oracle"
echo "Begin distribute files into %ORACLIENT%"

mkdir "%ORACLIENT%network"
xcopy "%ORA_FROM%networkadmin" "%ORACLIENT%networkadmin" /Q /S /I
xcopy "%ORA_FROM%networkmesg" "%ORACLIENT%networkmesg" /Q /S /I

xcopy "%ORA_FROM%ocommonnlsadmin" "%ORACLIENT%ocommonnlsadmin" /Q /S /I
xcopy "%ORA_FROM%ocommonnlsmesg" "%ORACLIENT%ocommonnlsmesg" /Q /S /I

xcopy "%ORA_FROM%odbc" "%ORACLIENT%odbc" /Q /S /I
xcopy "%ORA_FROM%oracore" "%ORACLIENT%oracore" /Q /S /I

xcopy "%ORA_FROM%rdbmsmesg" "%ORACLIENT%rdbmsmesg" /Q /S /I
xcopy "%ORA_FROM%sqlplusmesg" "%ORACLIENT%sqlplusmesg" /Q /S /I

xcopy "%ORA_FROM%bin" "%ORACLIENT%bin" /Q /S /I /EXCLUDE:exclude.txt
xcopy "%ORA_FROM%ocilib" "%ORACLIENT%ocilib" /Q /S /I
xcopy "%ORA_FROM%ociinclude" "%ORACLIENT%ociinclude" /Q /S /I

xcopy "%ORA_FROM%jdbclib" "%ORACLIENT%jdbclib" /Q /S /I
xcopy "%ORA_FROM%jdbcReadme.txt" "%ORACLIENT%jdbc" /Q /S /I

xcopy "%ORA_FROM%precompadmin" "%ORACLIENT%precompadmin" /Q /S /I
xcopy "%ORA_FROM%precompmesg" "%ORACLIENT%precompmesg" /Q /S /I
xcopy "%ORA_FROM%precomplib" "%ORACLIENT%precomplib" /Q /S /I
xcopy "%ORA_FROM%precomppublic" "%ORACLIENT%precomppublic" /Q /S /I

echo "Begin register entry into %ORACLIENT%oraclient.reg"
echo Windows Registry Editor Version 5.00 >> %ORACLIENT%oraclient.reg

echo [HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINESOFTWAREODBCODBCINST.INIOracle in OraHome] >> %ORACLIENT%oraclient.reg
echo "APILevel"="1" >> %ORACLIENT%oraclient.reg
echo "CPTimeout"="60" >> %ORACLIENT%oraclient.reg
echo "ConnectFunctions"="YYY" >> %ORACLIENT%oraclient.reg
echo "Driver"="%INSTALL_DIR%\BIN\SQORA32.DLL" >> %ORACLIENT%oraclient.reg
echo "DriverODBCVer"="03.51" >> %ORACLIENT%oraclient.reg
echo "FileUsage"="0" >> %ORACLIENT%oraclient.reg
echo "Setup"="%INSTALL_DIR%\BIN\SQORAS32.DLL" >> %ORACLIENT%oraclient.reg
echo "SQLLevel"="1" >> %ORACLIENT%oraclient.reg

echo [HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINESOFTWAREORACLE] >> %ORACLIENT%oraclient.reg
echo "ORACLE_HOME"="%INSTALL_DIR%" >> %ORACLIENT%oraclient.reg
echo "ORACLE_HOME_NAME"="OraHome" >> %ORACLIENT%oraclient.reg
echo "NLS_LANG"="NA" >> %ORACLIENT%oraclient.reg

echo [HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINESOFTWAREORACLEALL_HOMES] >> %ORACLIENT%oraclient.reg
echo "HOME_COUNTER"="1" >> %ORACLIENT%oraclient.reg
echo "DEFAULT_HOME"="OraHome" >> %ORACLIENT%oraclient.reg
echo "LAST_HOME"="0" >> %ORACLIENT%oraclient.reg

echo [HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINESOFTWAREORACLEALL_HOMESID0] >> %ORACLIENT%oraclient.reg
echo "NAME"="OraHome" >> %ORACLIENT%oraclient.reg
echo "PATH"="%INSTALL_DIR%" >> %ORACLIENT%oraclient.reg
echo "NLS_LANG"="NA" >> %ORACLIENT%oraclient.reg

echo [HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINESOFTWAREORACLEHOME0] >> %ORACLIENT%oraclient.reg
echo "ID"="0" >> %ORACLIENT%oraclient.reg
echo "ORACLE_GROUP_NAME"="Oracle - OraHome" >> %ORACLIENT%oraclient.reg
echo "ORACLE_HOME_NAME"="OraHome" >> %ORACLIENT%oraclient.reg
echo "ORACLE_HOME"="%INSTALL_DIR%" >> %ORACLIENT%oraclient.reg
echo "NLS_LANG"="SIMPLIFIED CHINESE_CHINA.ZHS16GBK" >> %ORACLIENT%oraclient.reg
echo "ORACLE_HOME_KEY"="Software\ORACLE\HOME0" >> %ORACLIENT%oraclient.reg

echo "Begin genrating readme file for Oracle client into %ORACLIENT%readme.txt"
echo 本程序是Oracle 9.2 for windows的简化客户端版本。>> %ORACLIENT%readme.txt
echo 带有最基础的一些功能: sqlplus(w), exp, imp, oci, pro*c, ocopy, tkprof, tnsping, odbc, jdbc>> %ORACLIENT%readme.txt
echo 1. 将%ORACLIENT%目录移动到目标目录: %INSTALL_DIR", >> %ORACLIENT%readme.txt
echo 2. 导入注册表oracleint.reg之后,将bin目录全路径添加到path之后,>> %ORACLIENT%readme.txt
echo 3. 编辑%INSTALL_DIR%networkadmintnsnames.ora文件,添加适当的servicename>> %ORACLIENT%readme.txt
echo 就可以正常使用.>> %ORACLIENT%readme.txt>> %ORACLIENT%readme.txt
echo 有问题,欢迎联系:iiihero@hotmail.com (iihero@CSDN)>> %ORACLIENT%readme.txt

echo "Successfully distribute oracle client into %ORACLIENT%!!!"

goto END

:SET_HELP
echo "Usage:"
echo "oraclient_dist -from -to -inst "
echo "eg:  oraclient_dist -from d:oracleora92 -to f:income -inst d:\ora92"
echo "InstallDir format: d:\ora92 (there should be 2 '' in the path)"
echo "Thanks!   iiihero@hotmail.com (iihero@CSDN) "
goto END

:ERROR_RUNTIME
echo "Please set ORACLE_HOME or use as the help"

:END
endlocal


最终你还可以将目标目录压缩,也就30来M,最终使用时,参见发布后生成的readme.txt文件。

exclude.txt文件内容如下:

C-sharp代码 
  1. .bat  
  2. .bmp  
  3. COREJAVA  
  4. OracleNet  
  5. ag  
  6. ldap  
  7. hs  
  8. ib  
  9. omts  
  10. scc  
  11. snmim  
  12. va  
  13. vm  
  14. vo  
  15. vs  
  16. xp  


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